Challenges and achievements in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals for women and girls.
10 - 21 March 2014
Joint NGO written statement by:
- Alzheimer’s Disease International
- Global Action on Aging
- Gray Panthers
- HelpAge International
- ILC-Global Alliance
- Instituto Qualivida
- International Council on Social Welfare
- International Federation on Ageing
- International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA)
Introduction: women in an ageing world
By 2050, there will be 2 billion older people globally, the majority of whom will be women. Current figures from UNDESA’s World Population Prospects show that there are 84 men for every 100 women over the age of 60. The proportion of women rises further with age. For every 100 women aged 80 or over worldwide, there are only 61 men and most older people will be living in developing countries.
This population ageing is happening most rapidly in developing countries. Today almost two thirds of all older people live in developing countries and this will rise to four fifths by 2050.
Ageing, women and the Millennium Development Goals
The failure to take global ageing into account in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has limited their ability to ensure that girls and women of all ages benefit from initiatives aimed at reaching both the goals on gender equality and the other areas of development.
A lifetime of gender based inequalities often results in older women experiencing financial and physical abuse and discrimination. This gender-based discrimination is often exacerbated when it intersects with discrimination on the basis of age, which is widespread in all regions of the world. This form of multiple discrimination, namely that based on sex and age, and the inequalities it results in, has not been recognised in assessments of progress towards the MDGs.
This is nowhere more apparent than in the area of violence against women. The elimination of violence against girls and women of all ages is a key component for achieving all of the MDGs. Failure to prevent violence against women presents a major obstacle to girls’ and women’s development at every stage of their lives, as well as the development of society more broadly.
Preventing violence against women as a central element to the achievement of all the MDGs has been recognised by both the UN Secretary General (A/67/257) and the Commission on the Status of Women (E/2013/27). The Commission on the Status of Women also recognised the particular risk of violence older women face and stressed “the urgent need to address violence and discrimination against them, especially in the light of the growing proportion of older people in the world’s population” in its Agreed Conclusions of its 2013 57th session (E/2013/27).
Time for a data revolution
However, the absence of a requirement to collect and disaggregate data across all age groups in the MDGs has posed a major challenge for data collection and utilisation at country level, with indicators and interventions focussing on younger age groups and excluding older women.
Surveys on violence against women rarely collect data after the age of 49. This critical information gap has significant implications. It makes it impossible for States to monitor progress on their human rights obligations on freedom from violence. It conceals patterns of violence against older women and results in their subsequent exclusion from prevention and rehabilitation policies and programmes.
It is essential that these obstacles and challenges are recognised and taken into account not only in the final stages of implementation of the current MDGs but also in the planning of the post 2015 sustainable development agenda to ensure that it actively promotes women’s rights and gender equality for girls and women of all ages.
Looking ahead: the post 2015 sustainable development framework
To do so, the post-2015 sustainable development framework must be human rights based for all people of all ages and abilities. All goals and their targets must take account of the rights of people at all stages of their lives and the specific abuse and discrimination faced by older women must be recognised and stopped.
The post 2015 framework should have a gender equality goal with indicators and targets that are inclusive of all people of all ages and abilities.
The ‘data revolution’ called for by the High Level Panel and the UN Secretary General must give priority to improved data collection and reporting which ensures all data, including that on violence against women and girls, be collected, disaggregated, analysed and disseminated by sex and for all ages up to and over 100. Goals and targets adopted by Member States must be measureable, require the collection of specific data on older age groups and be monitored through a robust accountability mechanism.
This will ensure that the data system is fit for purpose in today’s ageing world, enabling governments, donors, UN agencies, civil society, communities and older women themselves to address the challenges of global ageing, including that of violence against girls and women of all ages.
Date :31 October 2013
The President of ILC-BR, Alexandre Kalache, is currently in Australia advancing the ageing agenda of the South Australian Government.
Date :21 November 2017
On Tuesday, October 24, 2017, the Columbia Aging Center celebrates the participants in its digital narrative project “Exceeding Expectations” (exceedingexpectations.nyc).
Date :25 October 2017
The Columbia Aging Center has been following 20 older New Yorkers for two years with the aim of disrupting stereotypes of aging and portraying everyday life. Many of the 20 New Yorkers met for the first time on Oct. 24.
Date :24 October 2017
On October 17, ILC-BR organized a Symposium with three international speakers in São Paulo. The event took place in the auditorium of Iamspe (Institute for Medical Assistance to the Public Servant of the State of São Paulo).
Date :21 October 2017
On October 19 and 20, ILC-BR hosted the 5th International Longevity Forum in Rio de Janeiro. This year’s theme was the construction of resilience along the life course; a very timely topic given the ongoing crisis in Brazil.
Date :21 October 2017